Big Toe Pain: Hallux Rigidus, First Toe Pain, Great Toe Pain
Hallux rigidus is when stiffness, soreness, and pains occur in the big toe or great toe! There are many causes of hallux pain or first toe pain. This article will include the most common causes including hallux arthritis, turf toe ( hallux compression injury), bunions, and mechanical reasons for having soreness or pains in the hallux (big toe). This article will focus on the most common reasons for hallux pain and soreness while leaving out the less common painful causes of great toe pain such as gout, broken toes, and toenail soreness. Basically
Big Toe Arthritis
Causes of big toe pain or sharp pain big toe include hallux rigidus or big toe arthritis. Arthritis is and is one of the most common disorders causing big toe pain.
This is generally caused by long-term altered biomechanics of the foot, ankle, and hip. When the big toe deviates inwards towards the other toes it limits the ability of the great toe to extend through its range of motion. Over time the improper position creates degeneration and causes big toe joint pain during walking and exercising.
- Swelling and big toe joint pain
- Limited and often sharp pain in the big toe with push-off movements such as running ( hallux rigidus )
- Enlarged and painful big toe joint.
- heel pain, foot, and ankle pain can also be present due to the loss of toe conditions that allow proper loading of the plantar fascia.
- Open toe box shoes to allow the normal position of the big toe during gait.
- Exercises to encourage big toe mobility and proper alignment.
Since the joint capsule and soft tissues around the joint will be rigid, stiff, and eventually painful, proper myofascial release of the surrounding soft tissues including
- Adductor hallucis
- Extensor hallucis longus and brevis
- Abductor hallucis