The Abductor hallucis muscle is an important muscle in the prevention of arch and big toe injuries such as bunions. The abductor hallucis is the most medial and superficial (most visible arch) muscle in the arch of the foot. It travels from the calcaneus and plantar fascia to the insert into the medial base of the big toe. Its action is to pull the big toe into abduction (away from 2nd toe). This muscle is also important in preventing excessive and poorly controlled pronation.
- Pain and tenderness along the inside of the sole of the foot/arch when pressing down on the muscle.
- Big toe joint pain especially when pushing off from the ground during the gait cycle
- Medial Plantar nerve entrapment due to the nerve being located directly underneath the muscle. This would be the most likely cause of sharp pain in the arch
Long-term weakness could lead to bunion formation and pain.